Skip to main content
Add Me To Your Mailing List

The Evidence


The International Balint Federation has begun a project to develop an online resource of annotated references. Because all members of its constituent societies are automatically members of the IBF, this repository of Balint related literature on Mendeley is available free to ABS members; however, access does require registering.

IBF Literature



The original reference to “patient-centered medicine.”

Balint. The possibilities of patient-centered medicine. The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners (1969) vol. 17 (82) pp. 269-76
[PubMed link]

More recent literature:

  • Turner and Malm. A preliminary investigation of Balint and non-Balint behavioral medicine training. Family Medicine (2004) vol. 36 (2) pp. 114-22 [Family Medicine journal link]
  • Johnson et al. Essential characteristics of effective Balint Group leadership. Family Medicine (2004) vol. 36 (4) pp. 253-9 [Family Medicine journal link]
  • Kjeldmand et al. Balint training makes GPs thrive better in their job. Patient Education and Counseling (2004) vol. 55 (2) pp. 230-5 [PubMed link]
  • Knowlton and Katz. Balint groups to address countertransference and burnout in palliative and end-of-life care. Chapter 16 in When Professionals Weep. New York: Routledge (2016). [Link to PDF]
  • Lichtenstein and Lustig. Integrating intuition and reasoning--how Balint groups can help medical decision making. Australian family physician (2006) vol. 35 (12) pp. 987-9 [PubMed link]
  • Mahoney et al. Balint groups: The nuts and bolts of making better doctors. The international journal of psychiatry in medicine (2013) vol. 45(4) pp. 401-411.[Link to pdf]
  • Van Roy, K. Vanheule, S., and Inslegers, R. (2015)Research on Balint groups: A literature review. Patient education and counseling. [Link to text]
The Society for Teachers of Family Medicine has a wiki, currently unavailable for maintenance. Its page of references on Balint work, curated by our own Laurel Milberg, was captured in late 2016.    Annotated Bibliography 
In addition the ABS has developed various handouts that help explain the process and support people leading groups. These include:

 "Restoring the Core of Clinical Practice: What is a Balint group and how does it help?" by Laurel Milberg, PhD and Katherine Knowlton, PhD. Available in paperback or ebook. 

Order Now

The American Balint Society
, is a 501c3 non-profit organization dedicated to improving the therapeutic relationships between healing professionals and their clients/patients. The American Balint  Society is a member society of the International Balint Federation